NISAR Satellite To Be Launched By 2022.

NISAR Satellite To Be Launched By 2022.

   Kautilya Academy    29-10-2020

NISAR Satellite To Be Launched By 2022.

NISAR Satellite To Be Launched By 2022.

 

The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) satellite is scheduled to be launched by 2022. This was scheduled after India and the US decided to share Space Situational Awareness Information with each other. This would catalyse efforts in order to create the conditions for a safe and sustainable space environment.

 

Highlights

 

  • India-US also expressed the intent to continue the India-US Space Dialogue.
  • They also decided to carry the discussions on areas of potential space defense cooperation.
  • The joint statement was issued after the 2+2 strategic dialogue between Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and their US counterparts.
  • Both side applauded the ongoing collaboration between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

 

2+2 Dialogue on Space coordination

 

  • The ministers from both the countries agreed to share the Space Situational Awareness information.
  • This would catalyse efforts in order to create the conditions for a safe, stable, and sustainable space environment.
  • A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed for Technical Cooperation in Earth Observation and Earth Sciences between the Ministry of Earth Sciences and the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • The MoU will be used for developing a better understanding of the regional and global weather origins in the Indian Ocean.  It would also advance the common research goals in meteorology, oceanography and management of marine resources.

 

Background

 

The space agencies of both the countries had signed an agreement in 2014 in order to conduct the joint NISAR mission. The mission was to launched in order to co-develop and launch a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar on the Earth observation satellite.

 

About NISAR

 

The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission is a joint project of NASA and ISRO. It has been started to co-develop and launch a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar on the Earth observation satellite. It will be the first radar imaging satellite that uses the dual frequencies. The satellite would be launched from India on a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle on a Sun-synchronous orbit.

 

Uses of NISAR

 

 

The satellite would be used for remote sensing, to observe and understand natural processes on Earth. The satellite would use advanced radar imaging for mapping the elevation of Earth’s land and ice masses 4 to 6 times a month. It has been designed to observe and measure complex natural processes including ecosystem disturbances, ice-sheet collapse and natural hazards like earthquakes, Landslides, tsunamis and volcanoes on the Earth.

 


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