Kautilya Academy 04-12-2020
The Indian Navy
The Indian Navy Day is celebrated on December 4 every year to commemorate Operation Trident. The organization of a Beating Retreat ceremony at Gateway of India in Mumbai is held on the eve of the Navy Day.
§ It was a counter-attack by Indian Navy on the Karachi harbour during the Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.
§ India used anti-ship missiles for the first time during this operation and destroyed the Pakistani destroyer ship PNS Khaibar.
§ The Indian Navy's three warships - INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer - played an important role in the attack.
§ It is headed by the President of India as its Supreme Commander.
§ Indian Navy’s Motto is - Sam no Varunah (शं नो वरूण:) that means that the God of water, Varuna, should be auspicious unto us.
§ Some of the earliest operations of the Indian Navy include its contribution in liberating Goa from Portugal in 1961.
§ The Navy has developed as an admirable force with the making of the nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine INS Arihant and several other ships.
§ Indian Navy currently has one aircraft carrier, the INS Vikramaditya which was a former Russian ship that was commissioned into service in 2013.
§ It operates three classes of submarines: Chakra (it has the nuclear-powered INS Chakra), Sindhughosh, and Shishumar.
§ Marine Commandos or MARCOS is the special force unit of the Indian Navy, trained to conduct amphibious warfare, counter-terrorism, special reconnaissance, hostage rescue and asymmetric warfare.
§ They were the first to respond to the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.
§ The fifth Scorpene conventional submarine, Vagir, being built by the Mazagon Docks Limited (MDL) with technology transfer from France was launched.
§ “The fifth of the Indian Navy’s Kalvari class submarines of Project 75 has been launched on November 12 at the Kanhoji Angre wet basin of MDL”.